National power is defined as the sum of all resources available to a nation in the pursuit of national objectives.
Elements of national power
National power stems from various elements, also called instruments or attributes; these may be put into two groups based on their applicability and origin - "national" and "social".
Important facets of geography such as location (geography), climate, topography, and size play major roles in the ability of a nation to gain national power. Location has an important bearing on foreign policy of a nation. The relation between foreign policy and geographic location gave rise to the discipline of geopolitics.
The presence of a water obstacle provided protection to nation states such as Great Britain, Japan, and the USA and allowed Japan to follow isolationist policies. The presence of large accessible seaboards also permitted these nations to build strong navies and expand their territories peacefully or by conquest. In contrast, Poland, with no obstacle for its powerful neighbours, even lost its independence as a nation, being partitioned among the Kingdom of Prussia, the Russian Empire, and Austria from 1795 onwards till it regained independence in 1918.
National Power was formerly an energy company based in the United Kingdom.
National Power was formed following the privatisation of the UK electricity market in 1990. In England and Wales the Central Electricity Generating Board, which was responsible for the generation and transmission of electricity, was split into four companies. Its generation (or upstream) activities were transferred to three generating companies - 'PowerGen', 'National Power', and 'Nuclear Electric' (later 'British Energy', eventually 'EDF Energy'); and its transmission (or downstream) activities to - the 'National Grid Company'.
National Power was the largest of these new companies having around 52 percent of the generating market. It later diversified into the supply market in November 1998 by purchasing the supply business of the regional electricity companyMidlands Electricity and created the Npower supply brand.
On 2 October 2000 following investor pressure the company demerged into two separate companies Innogy, which was responsible for the UK based operations, and International Power, which took over the international operations. Innogy is now known as 'RWE npower' owned by the German utility company RWE; and International Power is fully owned by the French company GDF Suez.
An electrical grid is an interconnected network for delivering electricity from suppliers to consumers. It consists of generating stations that produce electrical power, high-voltage transmission lines that carry power from distant sources to demand centers, and distribution lines that connect individual customers.
Power stations may be located near a fuel source, at a dam site, or to take advantage of renewable energy sources, and are often located away from heavily populated areas. They are usually quite large to take advantage of the economies of scale. The electric power which is generated is stepped up to a higher voltage at which it connects to the electric power transmission network.
The bulk power transmission network will move the power long distances, sometimes across international boundaries, until it reaches its wholesale customer (usually the company that owns the local electric power distribution network).
On arrival at a substation, the power will be stepped down from a transmission level voltage to a distribution level voltage. As it exits the substation, it enters the distribution wiring. Finally, upon arrival at the service location, the power is stepped down again from the distribution voltage to the required service voltage(s).
In the game, each player represents a company that owns power plants and tries to supply electricity to cities. Over the course of the game, the players will bid on power plants and buy resources to produce electricity to provide power to the growing number of cities in their expanding network.
The game comes with a double-sided board with a map of the United States of America on one side and Germany on the other. Each map consists of six regions featuring cities with connections of varying costs between them. The number of regions used is based on the number of players. Map design itself is a key feature in the strategy of game play as some areas of the map feature generally higher connection costs compared to other areas of the map.
The game is played in rounds, with each round consisting of 5 phases:
If you want to understand what Rishi Sunak’s speech last week meant for net zero, start by ignoring pretty much all the commentary ...Third, a massive decentralisation of the NationalGrid, to accommodate numerous tiny power sources andSponsored. Related articles. VideoIcon. VIDEO ... , ... , ... , ... , ... , ... .
Fears are growing of a new air campaign against Ukraine's national power grid, similar to the blitz last winter that forced the people of Kyiv and other cities to endure power cuts in the coldest months ... Geran-2s — based on the Shahed but packing a more powerful punch.
Over the past two years, I was involved in the effort to pause the NationalGridElectricTransmissionProject, and I did not always agree with the mayor, but I respect him ... The mayor is not a magician, and he cannot change zoning laws or use National Grid monies to repair streets ...
In addition, green power such as photovoltaics and offshore wind power in Zhejiang province are also connected to the national grid to power the games ... At the same time, the StateGridHangzhouPowerSupplyCompany has ensured the full coverage of charging piles at the venues to build a green travel service system in and around key areas.
is tempered by results in Asia, where power grids have labored to keep up with surging demand despite heavy investment in ... The region’s struggles offer a cautionary tale, reminding us that to be effective, renewable energy must be fully integrated into a nation’s power grid.
With 8.8GW of new offshore wind capacity added to the grid last year, 2022 was the second highest year in history for offshore wind installations ...Novel approaches include so-called ‘energy islands’ which share power between grids and nations and multi-purpose wind farms that produce green hydrogen or house battery storage facilities.
Mitsui & Co and NorthlandPower Inc (北陸能源) are to invest in a ￥960 billion (US$6.5 billion) offshore wind project off Taiwan’s east coast that would generate enough electricity for 1 million households ...The project is expected to be connected to the power generation grid between 2025 and 2026, the statement said.
The potential of offshore wind as a viable source of clean power for the energy transition is indisputable ...Novel approaches include so-called 'energy islands' which share power between grids and nations and multi-purpose wind farms that produce green hydrogen or house battery storage facilities.
The country currently experiences regular, planned power outages from the national grid, forcing the country’s citizens to look for alternative sources of energy and power ...Load shedding to reduce the total load on the national energy grid has been a reality in South Africa since 2007.
Aging nuclear power stations have weakened the country’s electricity output. France may have to keep its last two coal-fired power plants on standby this winter to guarantee security of electricity supply, its national grid operatorRTE announced on Tuesday ... in power generation.
In 2022, 8.8GW of new offshore wind capacity was added to the grid with global installed capacity reaching 64.3GW ... In its report, Allianz pointed towards novel approaches like energy islands which share power between grids and nations and multi-purpose wind farms that produce green hydrogen or house battery storage facilities.