National power is defined as the sum of all resources available to a nation in the pursuit of national objectives.
Elements of national power
National power stems from various elements, also called instruments or attributes; these may be put into two groups based on their applicability and origin - "national" and "social".
Important facets of geography such as location (geography), climate, topography, and size play major roles in the ability of a nation to gain national power. Location has an important bearing on foreign policy of a nation. The relation between foreign policy and geographic location gave rise to the discipline of geopolitics.
The presence of a water obstacle provided protection to nation states such as Great Britain, Japan, and the USA and allowed Japan to follow isolationist policies. The presence of large accessible seaboards also permitted these nations to build strong navies and expand their territories peacefully or by conquest. In contrast, Poland, with no obstacle for its powerful neighbours, even lost its independence as a nation, being partitioned among the Kingdom of Prussia, the Russian Empire, and Austria from 1795 onwards till it regained independence in 1918.
National Power was formerly an energy company based in the United Kingdom.
National Power was formed following the privatisation of the UK electricity market in 1990. In England and Wales the Central Electricity Generating Board, which was responsible for the generation and transmission of electricity, was split into four companies. Its generation (or upstream) activities were transferred to three generating companies - 'PowerGen', 'National Power', and 'Nuclear Electric' (later 'British Energy', eventually 'EDF Energy'); and its transmission (or downstream) activities to - the 'National Grid Company'.
National Power was the largest of these new companies having around 52 percent of the generating market. It later diversified into the supply market in November 1998 by purchasing the supply business of the regional electricity companyMidlands Electricity and created the Npower supply brand.
On 2 October 2000 following investor pressure the company demerged into two separate companies Innogy, which was responsible for the UK based operations, and International Power, which took over the international operations. Innogy is now known as 'RWE npower' owned by the German utility company RWE; and International Power is fully owned by the French company GDF Suez.
An electrical grid is an interconnected network for delivering electricity from suppliers to consumers. It consists of generating stations that produce electrical power, high-voltage transmission lines that carry power from distant sources to demand centers, and distribution lines that connect individual customers.
Power stations may be located near a fuel source, at a dam site, or to take advantage of renewable energy sources, and are often located away from heavily populated areas. They are usually quite large to take advantage of the economies of scale. The electric power which is generated is stepped up to a higher voltage at which it connects to the electric power transmission network.
The bulk power transmission network will move the power long distances, sometimes across international boundaries, until it reaches its wholesale customer (usually the company that owns the local electric power distribution network).
On arrival at a substation, the power will be stepped down from a transmission level voltage to a distribution level voltage. As it exits the substation, it enters the distribution wiring. Finally, upon arrival at the service location, the power is stepped down again from the distribution voltage to the required service voltage(s).
In the game, each player represents a company that owns power plants and tries to supply electricity to cities. Over the course of the game, the players will bid on power plants and buy resources to produce electricity to provide power to the growing number of cities in their expanding network.
The game comes with a double-sided board with a map of the United States of America on one side and Germany on the other. Each map consists of six regions featuring cities with connections of varying costs between them. The number of regions used is based on the number of players. Map design itself is a key feature in the strategy of game play as some areas of the map feature generally higher connection costs compared to other areas of the map.
The game is played in rounds, with each round consisting of 5 phases:
... distribution grid or using it as fuel for the primary purpose of steam generation (co-generation units), or to the extent, and until such time, that they are unable to be fully served by the relevant power distribution company (Disco) or not connected to the nationalgrid....
Farmers and agricultural workers will march to Mendiola, Manila on January 22 to speak out on issues surrounding land grabbing, land-use conversion, and killings of farmer leaders ... In Cavite, farmers of Lupang Ramos received an eviction notice from the NationalGrid Corp. of the Philippines and NationalPower Corp ... ....
ELECTRIC consumers in Negros Occidental may incur higher bills this month as power distribution utilities (DUs) have announced an increase in their respective rates ... "The generation and transmission rates are pass-on charges paid to the respective power suppliers and the NationalGridCorporation of the Philippines....
What I know is that to counter any power breakdown in the country due to any fault or sabotage, a nationalpowergrid was made, linking the entire country, excluding Karachi, because the city has an independent power generation and distribution company; K-Electric....
The 24 wind power projects — set up during Musharraf government and successive regimes — were contributing around 1,235MW of energy to nationalgrid... “When there is shortage of power these IPPs are to contribute inexpensive energy to the nationalgrid, therefore, it should be done as soon as possible,” said the minister....
The country saw a surge in renewable energy development last year, especially rooftop solar power, whose output soared from 6,000 MWp in June to 10,000 MWp in December 2020 ...As ofDecember 25, 2020, some 83,000 rooftop solar power projects had been connected to the nationalgrid....
This is enough to power around 102,000 homes. The combined heat and power-enabled facility will process business and residential waste from across Yorkshire and the wider region and export power to the NationalGrid...Brian McCabe, CEO for Beauparc, said ... Previous Article. ....
Topline Securities said investors remained cautious also on news flow regarding the Petroleum Division’s proposal to disconnect gas supply to all industries using it as fuel for electricity generation and divert it to the nationalgrid. Mixed sentiment was witnessed in the power......
According to warnings from the NationalGrid control room, low wind speeds have led to reduced power generation at the same time as plummeting temperatures have increased electrical demand ... energy supply on Boxing Day, a record proportion of the daily nationalpower mix....
Back then I considered climate change a national security issue… and I still do. Much of this centers upon the need to decentralize the powergrid. Decentralization entails using many smaller power plants located close to the points of end use rather than using large plants requiring extensive transmission facilities....