National power is defined as the sum of all resources available to a nation in the pursuit of national objectives.
Elements of national power
National power stems from various elements, also called instruments or attributes; these may be put into two groups based on their applicability and origin - "national" and "social".
Important facets of geography such as location (geography), climate, topography, and size play major roles in the ability of a nation to gain national power. Location has an important bearing on foreign policy of a nation. The relation between foreign policy and geographic location gave rise to the discipline of geopolitics.
The presence of a water obstacle provided protection to nation states such as Great Britain, Japan, and the USA and allowed Japan to follow isolationist policies. The presence of large accessible seaboards also permitted these nations to build strong navies and expand their territories peacefully or by conquest. In contrast, Poland, with no obstacle for its powerful neighbours, even lost its independence as a nation, being partitioned among the Kingdom of Prussia, the Russian Empire, and Austria from 1795 onwards till it regained independence in 1918.
An electrical grid is an interconnected network for delivering electricity from suppliers to consumers. It consists of generating stations that produce electrical power, high-voltage transmission lines that carry power from distant sources to demand centers, and distribution lines that connect individual customers.
Power stations may be located near a fuel source, at a dam site, or to take advantage of renewable energy sources, and are often located away from heavily populated areas. They are usually quite large to take advantage of the economies of scale. The electric power which is generated is stepped up to a higher voltage at which it connects to the electric power transmission network.
The bulk power transmission network will move the power long distances, sometimes across international boundaries, until it reaches its wholesale customer (usually the company that owns the local electric power distribution network).
On arrival at a substation, the power will be stepped down from a transmission level voltage to a distribution level voltage. As it exits the substation, it enters the distribution wiring. Finally, upon arrival at the service location, the power is stepped down again from the distribution voltage to the required service voltage(s).
California, in many ways, is a large and prosperous nation in its own respect ... The proponents of a regionally managed grid say cooperation among the Western states would make it easier to both obtain power from California and provide power to California, and that it would reduce cost to customers by reducing the need for spare power plant and transmission capacity....
California lawmakers move closer to regional electric grid... California at times has excess solar power that must be offloaded to other states, which are sometimes paid to take it so the grid doesn’t get overloaded ... The Westerngrid includes 38 so-called balancing authorities that match the power supply with demand in states west of the Rocky Mountains....
RandWater has invested R300m in emergency power supplies to mitigate its reliance on the powergrid to maintain an uninterrupted supply of water ...Chief operating officer Sipho Mosai said on Wednesday at the launch of the emergency units in Roodepoort that Rand Water was hoping to supplement its power supply with renewable sources, such as solar energy. "We want to go off-grid," he said....
As for Vavi, he has allowed himself to become a puppet of the NationalUnion of Metalworkers of SA — the same workers who are sabotaging the powergrid today were dancing not long ago as they welcomed Gupta general ......
The beginning of correction in Indianpower oversupply, improving plant load factor, drying up of new investments in the sector and the likely rise in merchant prices are enough reasons for research firm Motilal Oswal to bet on the energy space ...Jindal Steel & Power ... PowerGridCorporation ... PowerGrid has a strong regulated order pipeline which provides visibility of earnings growth....
...NationalSecurity Certificate to be issued by the Privatisation Commission was also pending ... They proposed switching domestic power supply to solar system to relieve the nationalgrid of heavy losses and targeted power subsidy through BISP to poor consumers and charge even lifeline consumers at normal rates to let them feel the pinch of tariff cost....
BOURNE — A drone will be flying under the Sagamore Bridge on Thursday as part of a gas line inspection, according to a statement from the U.S. ArmyCorps of Engineers.NationalGrid has received a permit from the Army Corps to inspect “utility assets” beneath the bridge, according to the statement ... The "utility assets" are gas lines that run from the "mainland" to Cape Cod, said National ... ....
A new campaign, dubbed as $1T 2030 campaign has been launched in this regard by the national non-profit organization, which will be managed through the Partnership for Renewable. The post ACORE calls for $1tn investment in renewable and grid technology by 2030 appeared first on Compelo ... ....
This project will advance the techno-economic viability of solar-powered FO by reducing the levelized cost of water 40 percent less than that of current state-of-the-art technology ...Second, we have been looking for a suitable use for the old Keahole SolarPower (Sopogy) site for some time, and this project will use all of the existing infrastructure on the site....